Find Out How Perimenopause Changes A Woman’s Body

by | July 5, 2022, 16:16 IST


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Perimenopause is a condition in which the body prepares to enter menopause by marking the end of its reproductive years. For women, perimenopause begins at varying ages, and this phase is referred to as the menopausal transition. Perimenopause typically occurs in the 40s and is regarded as one of the most difficult times in a woman's life. Perimenopause symptoms include night sweats, vaginal dryness, sleeplessness, and irregular or prolonged periods. According to studies, many women experience mood swings during the perimenopause era, which is caused mostly by hormone imbalances, sleeplessness, and night sweats. Stress, infertility, and ageing are all variables that contribute to mood swings.

“Throughout the transitional period, a lot of changes take place in the body. As ovulation becomes unpredictable during this period it results in irregular periods. During this period women experience insomnia and hot flashes which are common during the transitional period. This perimenopausal period also causes vaginal dryness, irritation, and discomfort.  A combination of medical ointments and dietary changes can help ease the discomfort of vaginal dryness,” says Dr Manju Gupta, Senior Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Noida

The condition is mostly caused by estrogen deficiency, and low estrogen leads to urinary and vaginal infections. “It causes changes in sexual drive, and women have a decreased desire for sexual intimacy. The vagina responds to estrogen, and with less estrogen, it shrinks and dries up the cells lining the vagina, resulting in painful intercourse. Declining estrogen increases the risk of osteoporosis,” Dr. Manju says, citing the changes women's bodies go through and precautions to take during this transition period.


Image: Shutterstock

  • Generally, perimenopausal women experience a low mood as a result of their sleep problems, which then lead to brain fog situations.
  • Many of the changes that occur during perimenopause are caused by the decline in oestrogen. After menopause, however, these mental haze symptoms typically disappear.
  • If a woman is susceptible to one of the high-risk groups, such as tobacco use, a family history of early menopause, steroid use, or a weak physical structure, should take their health much more seriously and consult with a healthcare practitioner.
  • Despite the fact that this is one of the most difficult times for women, it is possible to overcome these obstacles in an effective manner.
  • Calcium-rich foods and fresh vegetables must be incorporated into a balanced diet. It is essential to engage in physical activity and maintain a healthy weight.
  • As part of stress management, exercises such as yoga contribute significantly to the resolution of difficulties. It is essential to sustain restful sleep.
  • It is crucial to report difficulties to your doctor and discuss the major issues. It is essential to keep a healthy body and mind in order to go through this transitional era and live well and happily.


Also Read: Find Out If Vaginal Dryness Affects Your Reproductive Health

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